Black tea is a green tea that has been completely oxidized. The one we currently drink is not fermented but made mainly by two methods that have not changed since the 19th century: the “orthodox method.”
Oxidation allows better conservation, several years against a maximum of a year and a half for green, that’s what made it the darling of traders.
How to prepare black tea? A whole art:
The preparation of the black tea is a subtle balance between preserving the properties and preserving the taste.
We will, therefore, play on 3 levers: the method, the temperature, and the brewing time.
We give specific advice for each of our teas in their product sheet. However, we can adopt a general preparation method that will work for all black teas. Here are a few tips.
This is how we do it in the tea industry, but it can be tedious, so no obligation!
- Boil water, then pour it into your teapot and into your cups. Leave it for a while and then remove it. This is called “announcement water,” it does not subject the tea to a thermal shock.
- Put the tea in the teapot (about 2.5 g for 15 cl of water) and let it release its scent in the steam of the announcement water.
- Put water to heat, but without boiling it, then pour it into the teapot.
- Leave to infuse (no more than 5 min), without touching. The infusion is called “exposure time.”
- Remove the announcement water from the cups, and you can then serve it.
Regarding the infusion time, this varies according to the varieties:
- Dark black: 5 to 7 minutes
- Black spring harvest (first flush): 2 to 2’30 minutes
- Black summer harvest (second flush): 3 minutes
- Black autumn harvest (third flush): 4 minutes
- Full-leaf black: 3 to 5 minutes
- Black with broken leaves: 3 to 4 minutes
- Black with crushed leaves: 2 to 3 minutes
- Flavored: 3 to 5 minutes
Tea should never be boiled, which is not suitable for the qualities of this delicious drink. A temperature of 80-95°C is perfect.
Do not brew more than 5 min. It will become bitter! Similarly, let infuse at least 2 min so that it has a minimum of taste!
Purists prepare each kind of tea in a unique teapot so as not to mix the flavors. If you go to a purist, be careful not to take a rooibos teapot to prepare black tea!
Likewise, you do not clean a teapot, except by rinsing it with clear water. If the interior takes on the color of the tea, it’s not dirty, it’s that your teapot is “cheeky” (and that’s an excellent thing!)!
Qualities of black tea:
Although green tea is the best for health, black tea has many benefits!
According to a study by our friends across the Channel, 3 cups of black tea daily would, thanks to antioxidants, reduce the risk of heart attack by 11%, and in general, it would be suitable for the whole cardiovascular system.
These same antioxidants help improve blood circulation and fight against diseases related to aging.
It is very rich in catechins (but less than green tea), an active ingredient with slimming properties. Check out our article on spices and weight loss for more!
It would help slow the progression of osteoporosis in women. The effects of tea are not capped: the more significant the consumption of black tea, the more its protective effect would be high (without exceeding 6/8 cups per day anyway).
Studies on its preventive aspect of cancer are quite thin at the moment.
However, it does improve the calcium concentration in women.
We recommend it in cases of digestive infections (gastroenteritis) or migraines, or even in a bad mood on which it would have a beneficial effect!
It is an ally of diets because it helps in weight loss, it also prevents the formation of cavities. It is recommended in the case of hepatitis.
Add these things
Today in stores, you can buy any kind of tea: citrus, mango, cinnamon, chocolate, lavender. However, why don’t you try to buy a regular drink without any additives and turn it into a miracle yourself? Find out the top 5 best black tea additives that will not only give it an unusual and pleasant taste but also make it a healthier drink.
This supplement will provide your black tea with a distinctive aroma in the first place. Peppermint also has a calming effect, helps fight colds, and improves sleep. You can use both dried and fresh mint leaves.
Dried berries are a great addition to tea. A little blackberry, raspberry, or other berries will make the drink fragrant and full of vitamins. It is especially recommended to add them to brew for colds.
Ginger tea is especially good in the winter as it improves metabolism and gives you warmth. You can cut the ginger into cubes or grate. Just do not overdo it – ginger is still a hot thing, and therefore in too much quantity, it will be in tea like a spoon of chili pepper. The ideal ratio is 5 g of ginger per 200 ml of beverage.
Add jasmine to your favorite drink is a great way to regain strength after a long and busy day at work.
Very useful for people who have low hemoglobin levels. Also, such an additive to tea will provide your body with iodine.
Take time to experiment with tea. Thus, you can not only create your own copyrighted beautiful drinks but also improve your health. However, never overdo it with additives. In general, do not overdo it – this is the main rule of a healthy lifestyle.
The different varieties of black tea
Among the best known are:
– Lapsang Souchong: smoked black tea
It is said that of the 16th century, which is not really checked.
It is said that it was during a war in the region that a battalion requisitioned the premises of a tea factory to house its soldiers.
The tea pickers could not use their premises, made the decision to dry the leaves on a pine fire, which gave the tea its particular scent.
– The black tea Keemun
Without a doubt, the best known in China. He “invented” by Hu Yuan Long in the late 19th century. It is the only one that is one of the top 10 best Chinese teas!
– The Yunnan Dian Hong
Made in the early 20th century by Feng Shao Qiu, it was popularized by Queen Elizabeth, who made his darling. It is part of all the others of the Province of Yunnan, of the best black teas.
Indian or Sri Lankan teas
The arrival of tea in India is due to the British; for more details, discover the history of tea.
The tea fields are cultivated at altitude, at the foot of the Himalayas. Besides, there is the highest field in the world called Samabeong.
The climate is very harsh, but the leaves, although they grow less quickly, are of excellent quality!
Among these, we can cite among the best known:
– Ceylon black tea (one of the most common)
– Darjeeling black tea (undoubtedly the best, nicknamed “champagne of tea”)
– Assam black tea (full-bodied and slightly spicy)
Here are the few basics to have the delicious drink in your hands, nothing too complicated! And now, make way for tasting! If you want to deepen the subject, or if you have questions about tea, ask your questions about black tea here!